The standards of organic food differ worldwide. Generally speaking, organic farming:
Does not use synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. Instead, it uses products of organic origin such as compost manure, or green manure.
Does not use unnecessary additives such as flavorings and colorings, or processes such as chemical ripening or food irradiation.
Emphasizes techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting
Doesn't use genetically modified crops.
What are the implications?
Organic farming reduces pollution, saves water and resources, decreases soil erosion, increases soil fertility, and uses less energy. Farming without synthetic pesticides is also better for nearby animals.